Greenhouse Gas Emissions - UK
UK greenhouse gas emissions (1200 × 1050px)

The Brief

In 2020, net territorial greenhouse gas emissions in the UK were estimated to be 405.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e), 49.7% lower than they were in 1990.

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Energy SupplyEmissions from electricity generation and other energy production activities such as mining, refining and manufacturing fuels. In the end-user estimates, these emissions are instead assigned between the other sectors based on where the electricity/fuel is used, or to the Exports sector where they are used abroad.
BusinessEmissions from fuel combustion and product use in industrial and commercial sectors, and F gas emissions from refrigeration and air conditioning in all sectors. Includes industrial off-road machinery but not business-related transport emissions, which are included in the Transport sector
TransportEmissions from road transport, domestic aviation, railways and domestic shipping. Only includes emissions from vehicles and not from transport-related infrastructure or from air conditioning. International aviation and shipping emissions are not included in national totals
PublicEmissions from the combustion of fuel in public sector buildings, e.g. hospitals and schools. Emissions from public transport are included in the Transport sector.
ResidentialEmissions from residential properties, including from consumer product use. Primarily consists of fuel combustion for heating/cooking, garden machinery, and fluorinated gases released from aerosols and metered dose inhalers.
AgricultureEmissions of greenhouse gases from livestock, agricultural soils (excluding carbon stock changes which are included in the LULUCF sector) and agricultural machinery.
Industrial processesEmissions resulting from industrial processes, except for those associated with fuel combustion which is included in the Business sector
Land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF)Emissions/removals of CO2 from changes in the carbon stock in forestland, cropland, grassland, wetlands, settlements and harvested wood products, and of other greenhouse gases from drainage (excl. croplands and intensive grasslands) and rewetting of soils, nitrogen mineralisation associated with loss and gain of soil organic matter, and fires. Because the impact of biomass harvest on carbon stocks in ecosystems is included in this sector, any emissions of CO2 from burning biomass (regardless of the country of origin) are excluded from other sectors to avoid double-counting them.
Waste managementEmissions from the treatment and disposal of solid and liquid waste, for example from landfill, incineration and composting. Emissions from incineration with energy recovery are instead reported in the Energy Supply sector and emissions from residential composting are included in the Residential sector.

United Kingdom – % of electricity generated from low-carbon sources

low carbon power-United Kingdom

51.1% of the electricity in the United Kingdom is generated from low-carbon energy sources, with wind being the primary source.

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